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Alcohol and Its Long Term Effects

Years of excessive drinking can cause serious and permanent damage to your body. The extent and type of damage that drink causes depends on numerous factors, including the severity and duration of the abuse. The age and gender factors also come into play. Women are less likely than men to develop a dependence problem or alcohol abuse. In fact, men are two-thirds of alcohol-dependent or alcohol-abusing individuals. However, women experience more drink-related disorders than men.

Execessive Drinking Effects


How liquor gets absorbed into the body

Alcohol is directly absorbed into the bloodstream through the small intestine and the stomach. In the stomach, food slows down the rate of absorbing drink, but does not prevent drunkenness or intoxication. All alcoholic beverage consumed reaches the bloodstream, irrespective of how much food is inside the stomach. In the body, alcohol is distributed through the water, but not into fatty tissues. Mixing alcohol with other drugs like acetaminophen, cocaine, heroin and barbiturates doubles the harmful effects of alcohol. This can lead to heart attack, slowed breathing and death.

Dangerous for teens

Liquor is extremely dangerous for teens and young adults. Recent brain imaging studies in young people with the habit of heavy drinking is shown to be brain damaging and hence it is harmful for memory and learning. Thus, young people suffer from the lack of ability to learn and remember. Drinking may also prevent teens from full-size growth. In teens, heavy drinking often interferes with bone and muscle growth. Additionally, people who drink as teenagers are more likely to suffer from osteoporosis later in life.

The long-term health effects

Heavy consumption of liquor over a long period of time causes damage to several body parts. Impairment of liver functions and brain can be permanent. Emotional difficulties including depression and relationship problems can further affect your health.

Some of the long-term consequences of abusing alcoholic beverages include:

  • Liver Damage
  • Birth Defects
  • Heart Disease
  • Cancer of the throat, mouth, esophagus, liver, lips
  • Bone Damage
  • Brain Damage
  • Inflamed pancreas
  • Greater risk of gynecological problems for women
  • Weakness or loss of muscle tissue

When a person who is physically dependent on alcoholic beverage stops drinking suddenly, he will experience withdrawal symptoms. It happen as their body needs to readjust to functioning without drinking.

Withdrawal symptoms of alcohol include:

  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Confusion
  • Irritability
  • Sweating
  • Tremors

In severe cases, drink withdrawal often causes cramps, convulsions, delusions, hallucinations, vomiting and even death. A person who is considering withdrawing from drinking is recommended to consult a doctor or expert health professional first.

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